W. B. Gallie; IX.—Essentially Contested Concepts, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 56, Issue 1, 1 June , Pages – Conceptual confusion has long been a source of difficulty in the study of politics. W. B. Gallie’s analysis of ‘essentially contested concepts’, published in ‘W.B. Gallie and Essentially Contested Concepts’. Re-Reading of W.B. Gallie, ‘ Essentially Contested Concepts’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian.

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In a agllie delivered to the Aristotelian Society on 12 March[1] Walter Bryce Gallie — introduced the term essentially contested concept to facilitate an understanding of the different applications or interpretations of the sorts of abstract, qualitativeand evaluative notions [2] —such as ” art ” and ” social justice “—used in the domains of aestheticspolitical philosophyphilosophy of historyand philosophy of religion.

In a different dispute over banks, where one speaks of financial institutions and the other of riparian zonesit is obvious that two homonyms have been confused.

Essentially contested concept – Wikipedia

Find it on Scholar. Gallie – – Philosophical Quarterly 6 In a section of his article in The New York Review of BooksDworkin used the example of “fairness” to isolate and elaborate galllie difference between a concept suum cuique contseted its conception various instantiations, for example utilitarian ethics. Freeden remarks that “not all essentially contested concepts signify valued achievements; they may equally signify disapproved and denigrated phenomena”, [18] and Gerring [19] asks us to imagine just how difficult it would be to “[try] to craft definitions of slavery, fascism, terrorism, contestsd genocide without recourse to ‘pejorative’ attributes”.

Ehrenberg – – International Journal of Law in Context 7: An Interdisciplinary Journal of PhilosophyVol. It commences with ” But the theory of… ” and ends with ” …I try to answer it “. Since its introduction by W. Yet is congested clear that “if the notion of logical justification can be applied only to such theses and arguments conteste can be presumed capable of gaining in the long run universal agreement, the disputes to which the uses of any essentially contested concept give rise are not genuine or rational disputes at all” [ clarification needed ] Gallie, a, p.


The dispute is about the proper use of the concept; and all argue that the concept is being “used inappropriately” by others Smith,p. Otherwise, the dispute probably centres on polysemy. This page was last edited on 16 Juneat Sheila Jasanoff – – Science and Engineering Ethics 17 4: Sign in to use this feature. On Explaining Essentiaoly Disagreement: Medicine as an Essentially Contested Concept. In these circumstances, says Dworkin, “the group has a concept of unfairness, and its members may appeal to that concept in moral instruction or argument.

Whilst Gallie’s expression “essentially contested concepts” precisely denotes those “essentially questionable and corrigible concepts” which “are permanently and essentially subject to revision and question”, [40] close examination of the wide and varied and imprecise applications of Gallie’s term subsequent toby those who have ascribed their own literal meaning to Gallie’s term without ever consulting Gallie’s work, have led many philosophers to conclude that “essentially disputed concepts” would have been far better choice for Gallie’s meaning, for at least three reasons:.

Garver describes their use as follows: Social and Political Philosophy. Gallie and Essentially Contested Concepts. Rape as an Essentially Contested Concept.

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See McKnightp. Andrew Mason – – Inquiry: Yet, to state that a concept is “contestable” is to “attribute some part of any contest to the concept”. It has been treated as contseted challenge in that theorists consider their uses of terms and concepts to be in competition with the uses advocated by other theorists, each theorist trying to be deemed the champion. The term essentially contested concepts gives a name to a problematic situation that many people recognize: Gallie inthe expression “essentially contested concept” has been treated both as a challenge essentiallly as an excuse by social theorists.


Essentially contested concept

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia articles needing galli from May In essence, HartRawlsDworkinand Lukes distinguished between the “unity” of a notion and the “multiplicity” of its possible instantiations. Constitutional Moments in Governing Science and Technology. He supposes that he has instructed his children not to treat others “unfairly” and asks us to recognize that, whilst he would have undoubtedly had particular “examples” of the sorts of conduct he was intending to discourage in mind at the time he spoke to his children, whatever it was that he meant when he issued such instructions was not confined to those “examples” alone, for two reasons:.

Social and Political Philosophy categorize this paper. The Ethics and Tactics of Argument. Request cconcepts from index.

Debates and applications”Journal of Political Ideologies Vol. An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 33 1: David-Hillel Ruben – – Philosophical Papers 39 2: The four-paragraph passage is in Section II of the article [1].

Peter Ingram – – Philosophia 15 Esaentially members of this group “agree on a great number of standard cases galllie unfairness and use these as benchmarks against which to test other, more controversial cases”.

Consequently, those responsible for giving “instructions”, and those responsible for setting “standards” of “fairness”, in this community may be doing one of two things:. Susanne Gibson – – Bioethics 18 3: Merrill – – Metaphilosophy 23 4: Therefore, he argues, his instructions do, in fact, conceptz this new case.

Views Read Edit View history. John Kekes – – Philosophy and Rhetoric 10 2: The Problem of Abortion: Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 56 1: Eugene Garver – – Philosophy and Rhetoric 23 4:

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