Crucifixus: The Sacred Music of J.S. Bach. By Johann Sebastian Bach, Various Artists, Géza Oberfrank, Christian Brembeck, Matyas Antal. • 14 songs. Bach’s Mass in B minor (BWV ) is the synthesis of his life’s work. from a parody of a cantata (BWV 12, used in the Crucifixus) to probably the last vocal. Check out J.S. Bach: Mass In B Minor, BWV / Credo – Crucifixus by Carol Hall & Michael Chance & Wynford Evans & Stephen Varcoe & English Baroque.

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Creative Commons Zero 1. When Bach treated ” Et incarnatus est ” as a separate choral movement, he rearranged the text, and the figure lost its “pictorial association”.

He added a few new compositions, but mostly derived movements from cantata movements, in a technique known as parody.

Mass in B minor structure

Sanctus Pleni sunt coeli IV. Wenk points out that Bach often used parody to “bring a composition to a higher level of perfection”. Butt notes D major as the crkcifixus key, corresponding to the “atonement of Christ”.

Cum Sancto Spiritu II. Horn or Basset Horn, and Bassoons ad lib.

The suffering of Jesus is expressed in chromatic melodic lines, dissonant harmonies, and sigh-motifs. He also connects the Missa composed in to the later parts.

A homophonic section is followed by a fugue. Messen, Passionen, Oratorische Werke Badh 1. The instruments often play the same line with different articulation. The continuo is not mentioned in the table as it is present all the time. Osanna in excelsis Osanna in the Highest is set for two choirs and a festive orchestra, in the same key and time as the previous movement. These files are part of the Orchestra Parts Project.


The text included originally the line ” Et incarnatus est de Spiritu sancto ex Maria virgine et homo factus est “, illustrating ” descendit ” by a descending figure for the violins.

Mass in B minor structure – Wikipedia

Bach Mass in B Minor Practical performances often have only one soprano soloist, sharing the parts for the second soprano SII between soprano and alto. The text of the Hymnus Gloria begins with the angels’ song from Luke ‘s Christmas story. Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 3. The two violins enter independently, reaching a seven-part fugue.

The other voices enter in the sequence bass, alto, soprano I, soprano II, each one before the former one even finishes its line. Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris The countersubject on the second line “propter magnam gloriam tuam” for your great glorydevoted to the glory of God, is more complex in rhythm.

Qui tollis peccata mundi – Whenever the word “mortuorum” appears, the voices sing long low notes, whereas “resurrectionem” is illustrated in triad cruciixus leading upwards. It is based on the first choral movement of Wir crucifixys dir, Gott, wir danken dirBWV 29[9] which also expresses the idea of thanks to God and praise of his creation but this cantata movement may have been derived from an even earlier source [33].

Et in Spiritum Sanctum. When he compiled the mass, he used these parts, added the Credoincluding new compositions, and concluded with Osannawhich is normally part of the Sanctus.

Mass in B minor, BWV (Johann Sebastian Bach) – ChoralWiki

The belief in the baptism for the forgiveness of sins, ” Confiteor ” I confessis expressed in strict counterpoint, which incorporates a cantus firmus in plainchant.


Bach asked for two sopranos. The symmetry on earth mirrors the symmetric perfection of heaven. Arrangements from the Scores of the Great Masters, Vol. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mass in B minor. Bach crucufixus composed a setting of the Kyrie and Gloria — which were often held in Latin and Greek even in Lutheran services — infor the Catholic royal court in Dresden.

Bach called for a rich instrumentation of brass, woodwinds and strings, assigning varied obbligato parts to different instruments. Bach’s Mass in B minor: The central duet is in the “lowly” key of G major, referring to Christ as a “human incarnation of God”.

The text appears on both the theme and the countersubject, here stressing “pacem” peace at the beginning of the line. Et in unum Dominum. Agnus Dei, Dona nobis pacem No. The section addressing God as Father and Son is again a duet, this time of soprano I and tenor. The section Kyrie is structured, following tradition, in a threefold acclamation of God, a chorus for the Kyrie I, a duet Christe, and a different chorus for Kyrie II.

Only the score and duplicate parts of this performance survived. Retrieved 13 September This movement in stile antico contrasts with the following modern concerto-style movement, Patrem omnipotentem.